A techno-economic and financial analysis of a Gulf-India undersea electricity interconnector

Shivakumar, A., Weinstein, M., Kruitwagen, L., Spiteri, S., Arderne, C., Almulla, , Y., Usher, W., Howells, M., & Hawkes, A. (2021) Climate Compatible Growth Programme, Working Paper

An independent combined techno-economic and financial analysis of an electricity interconnector between Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries and India.

Decision Maker’s Dashboard

A global inventory of utility-scale solar photovoltaic generating units

Kruitwagen, L., Story, K., Friedrich, J., Byers, L., Skillman, S., & Hepburn, C. (2021) In Review

A globally-complete inventory of solar PV generating stations built using machine learning and remote sensing. A collaboration with DescartesLabs and the World Resources Institute, presented at NeurIPS Climate Change AI workshop 2019.

Presentation GRASFI 2019 NeurIPS Climate Change AI 2019

Asset-Level Transition Risk in the Global Coal, Oil, and Gas Supply Chains

Kruitwagen, L., Klaas, J., Lakeh, A. B., & Fan, J. (2021) Institute for New Economic Thinking Working Paper

A complex network arrangement of the global fossil fuel supply chain and accompanying flow and community detection analysis. Built using over 4mn infrastructure assets drawn from open data. A collaboration with Quantum Black.

SSRN Blog Post Code

DeepSentinel: a general-purpose Sentinel-1 and -2 computer vision model

Kruitwagen, L. (2020) NeurIPS Climate Change AI Workshop Paper

A general-purpose Sentinel-1 and Sentinel-2 computer vision model aiming to unlock an explosion of earth observation use cases for public good. A Copernicus Masters’ Finalist for the Digital Twin Earth Challenge.

ArXiv NeurIPS Climate Change AI 2020 Code

Aerosol effects on mesoscale structures in marine boundary layer clouds

Christensen, M., Jones, W., Kusner, M., Kruitwagen, L., Pearce, T., Saeongkyongam, S., & Watson-Paris, D. (2020) Frontier Development Lab Europe 2020: Clouds & Aerosols Technical Memorandum.

Using machine learning to isolate the causal impacts of aerosols on marine boundary layer clouds, the largest source of uncertainty in long-term climate modelling.

Tech Memo

Power sector asset networks: determinants of the diffusion of renewables 2007 through 2017

Kruitwagen, L. (2018), presented at ETH SusTec Academy, June 17-22, Appenzell, CH.


Caldecott, B., Kruitwagen, L., McCarten, M., & Zhou, X. (2018), Smith School of Enterprise and the Environment, Oxford, UK.


Crude Awakening: Making oil major business models climate-compatible

Caldecott, B., Holmes, I., Kruitwagen, L., Orozco, D., & Tomlinson, S. (2018), E3G & Smith School of Enterprise and the Environment, London, UK.

Paper Conference Talk

Coal-Fired Power Stations

Kruitwagen L., Collins, S., & Caldecott, B. (2017), in Coal in the 21st Century, ed. R. Hester, Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, UK.


Financing 1.5 Degrees

Kruitwagen L. (2016), conference proceedings of 1.5 Degrees: Meeting the challenges of the Paris Agreement, September 20-22, 2016, Environmental Change Institue, Oxford, UK.


Future Pathways to 1.5/2 degrees-C-compatible oil & Gas Majors: Survey of energy outlooks and key uncertainies

Kruitwagen L. & Holmes, I. (2016), presented at Fossil Fuel Supply and Climate Policy, September 26-27, 2016, Oxford, UK.

Paper Conference Talk

Decision Making under Risk & Uncertainty

Kruitwagen L. (2016), White Paper, Grantham Institute for Climate Change and the Environment, London, UK.


Game Theory and Corporate Governance: Conditions for effective stewardship of companies subkect to climate change risks

Kruitwagen L., Madani, K., Caldecott, B., & Workman, M. (2016) Journal of Sustainable Finance and Investment, 6(3): 1-23

Paper Conference Talk

Carbon Capture and Storage in the Thermal Coal Value Chain

Caldecott, B., Kruitwagen, L., & Kok, I. (2016) Oxford Energy Forum, 105: 50-55, Oxford Institute for Energy Studies, Oxford, UK.


Caldecott, B., Kruitwagen, L., Dericks, G., Tulloch, D.J., Kok, I., Mitchell, J. (2016) Smith School of Enterprise and the Environment, Oxfrod UK.